With the Renaissance movement that sprouted on its territory, Florence attracts the masses with its diversity as you can understand from the topics I have listed during the Florence travel guide, which firstly enables Italy and then Europe to develop in an artistic sense.
From architecture to art, from city life to culinary culture, it is enough to spend 3-4 days to get to know the city, which fascinates its visitors.
Of course, if you want to enjoy the natural beauties of Tuscany and visit the surrounding cities such as Pisa and Venice, you can plan a longer holiday.
What will you find in the Florence travel guide article?
Florence Travel Guide: General Information
When to Visit Florence
Where to Stay in Florence Hotel Recommendations
What to do in Florence
Transportation in Florence
Florence Local Discount Card: Firenze Card
Shopping in Florence
Food & Drink in Florence
Other Cities Near Florence
History of Florence: There is not much information about the antiquity of Florence, Julius Caesar’s army retired by the soldiers in the Arno Valley near Fiesole on a hill BC. Founded in 59.
A.D. The city, which became the capital of Tuscany in the 3rd century upon the order of the Roman Emperor Diokletian, entered a rapid development process with the domination of the Lombardis in the 6th century.
In the 12th century, with the establishment of the council called oni Boni Homines (Good People) siyasi, a century later, political conflicts started between the churches and the kingdoms. Although the rebellion of the weavers, the events of August 1378 and the plague epidemic put the city in political trouble, it could not prevent economic development. Even in those years, neighboring Pisa had to recognize the dominance of Florence as a result of the wars.
Florence gained political stability as a result of the Medici family, which became very rich as a result of their banking activities, in the first half of the 15th century.
The Italian Renaissance, which will carry Europe forward in many areas, began with the support of artists and scientists behind the acquisition of Lorenzo, the grandson of I. Cosimo.
After the extinction of the family that ruled Florence as the Grand Duke of Tuscany for 3 centuries, the city was first connected to the Austrian Empire and then to the Kingdom of Italy.
Florence, which served as the capital of the kingdom for 6 years before the Italian domination of Rome, Florence, II. During the World War I experienced the Nazi occupation. However, as a result of Hitler’s admiration, the city has managed to preserve its historical and cultural accumulation to a great extent.
Population & Society: The city’s population has been increasing since the 19th century. You can communicate with the locals by speaking English as well as Italian.
Most of the people are Christian Catholics. However, there are communities within the population that have adopted different belief systems.
Transportation: The city attracts millions of travelers every year with its architecture, culture and natural beauties. You can choose to go by train or bus from other cities in Italy and from various locations in Europe.
Located on the banks of the rno river, surrounded by hills, Florence has a year-round humid subtropical climate. Climatic conditions that cause rainfall throughout the year make the summer months hot and the winter months mild.
Because of this feature of the city, most tourists plan their holiday programs according to summer so that they can visit the places more easily. If you’re not warm, you can travel to Florence in late spring or early autumn if the romantic atmosphere makes you more happy.
Of course, you can prepare your Florence vacation program by adhering to cultural events rather than climatic features. The festival season opens in February with a 10-day carnival.
If you go to the city in the middle of the second month of the year, you will have the opportunity to celebrate Valentine’s Day in a romantic setting with exquisite views of the Tuscan nature. Festa di Anna Maria Medici takes place immediately after the important day for the lovers.
In the spring, the city hosts two events on different themes. Scoppio del Carro creates a full festive atmosphere, while the music festival allows you to watch beautiful performances live.
The most active period of summer in the city begins with the Dance Festival, which starts in June and ends in July. Paper lanterns play the leading role in the event, which ended the festive season in Florence in September.
Accommodation is one of the richest options in the Florence travel guide. Hotels in the city are mainly located within the borders of the Duomo and Signoria squares surrounded by historical buildings and Santa Croce.
In addition, there are facilities around the Santa Maria Novella Railway Station, which is considered the heart of railway transportation, and Oltrarno, which is on the opposite side of the river, to satisfy its guests with its service quality.
Close to the Duomo and Signoria square, the hotels are preferred because of their proximity to attractions. You can choose from 3 ★ Hotel del Corso, 4 ★ FH Hotel Calzaiuoli, 5 ★ Rocco Forte Hotel Savoy.
Located just east of the squares, the hotels in Santa Croce attract travelers with their proximity to both popular tourist attractions and entertainment. Moreover, there are facilities that cater to all budgets such as 3 ★ Hotel La Casa di Morfeo and 5 ★ Relais Santa Croce by Baglioni Hotels.
The area around Santa Maria Novella Train Station, which is the 4-star Hotel London I prefer for my stay in Florence, is not only rich in terms of hotel options, but also in terms of food and beverage facilities.
If you want to get acquainted with the local culture and get to know the city culture, you can focus on Oltrarno for hotel selection.